These rules everyone should know.
Syncope is a common phenomenon that can be dangerous to health and life of the victim. How to give first aid for fainting and to bring man to life? This writes the Chronicle.Info with reference to Likar.info.
CAUSES OF SYNCOPE
Often, vasodilation occurs too much, causing the brain not got oxygen. Thus, due to the effect of such circumstances the person faints. It is noteworthy that the faint acts as a protective response of the body.
The brain feels a shortage of oxygen (which is detrimental for neurons), and then commands the body to improve blood circulation. This contributes to a horizontal position, in which the heart is somewhat improved.
The main causes of syncope are:
Nervous shock, fright or a sudden pain, causing the man falls sharply blood pressure.
General weakness of the body, which is accompanied by nervous exhaustion.
The constant unrest, poor nutrition can play a key factors.
Prolonged exposure in a room with low oxygen content.
Long stay in a standing position without movement.
THE MAIN SYMPTOMS
— Loss of consciousness
— A rare breath
— Weak pulse
— Blurred vision
FAINTING AND LOSS OF CONSCIOUSNESS
As has been said, syncope is a transient loss of memory, in which there is a decrease in muscle tone and protective reflexes do not disappear. Thus, for fainting the person is not choking. With regard to the loss of consciousness, in this case, the relaxation of the muscles leads to the ceasing of the tongue that involves blockage of the airway.
In some cases, fainting do goes into loss of consciousness, which poses a serious danger to the victim. Often this is due to the strong blow to the head during a fall. In this case, for fainting, the victim may develop convulsions, which indicate the restoration of normal level of blood circulation in the brain.
HOW TO GIVE FIRST AID FOR FAINTING
If the person is fainted, then give him first aid as follows:
If the victim has no problems breathing, lay the person on his back, slightly lift the legs. Make sure that the victim has free breathing and a pulse.
Undo the entire compressing and constraining clothes, in particular, the belt and the collar.
Moisten the face of the victim with cold water, it helps to improve blood circulation in the brain.
If during fainting the victim has been vomiting, then place his head to one side to exclude the probability of zahlebyvayas vomit.
If after several minutes the victim is not awake, immediately call an ambulance.
If possible – make victim drink hot tea, and then help him to sit up and sit down. No need to rush to put him on his feet.