Although chest pain is a symptom of a heart attack, angina is not a heart attack, experts say. This pain is caused by atherosclerosis or spasm of the coronary arteries with the inability to adequately supply blood to the heart.
Types of angina
Coronary arteries blood vessels that supply the heart with blood. They should not be confused with the arteries that connect the heart through which blood is pumped. Blood from the coronary arteries carries oxygen to the myocardium (the muscle component of the heart) to function properly. These blood vessels are very small, so anything that impedes blood circulation through them dangerous with the possibility of heart failure.
There are two types of angina, stable and unstable. Stable angina is chest pain that occurs regularly, and every time there is one and the same. An example of this type can serve as walking at a great distance and the feeling of chest pain. Stop and rest usually stops the pain. Unstable angina occurs at random, and don’t have to be. This chest pain can occur anytime and lasts longer than stable angina. High amounts of stress greatly affects both types.
The causes of the disease
Coronary heart disease is the leading cause of strokes. Coronary heart disease is when the coronary arteries decrease in size, become blocked or physically damaged in any way. This disease is unstable angina. Arteriosclerosis, the hardening of the arteries, is a common cause of this disease and helps to block the passage of blood through the accumulation of plaques along the inner walls of blood vessels. When these arteries reduce their diameter, number of transported blood decreases exponentially.
Another cause of angina pectoris due to coronary artery spasm. This occurs when the muscles near the blood vessels cause narrowing and decrease blood flow. This is a rare form of the cases of angina. It often happens at rest and can be very painful because the spasms can sometimes completely cut off flow through the arteries, causing the heart to move without oxygen. Because of the spontaneity of this disease is unstable angina. If there is a feeling of heaviness in the chest or pressing character pain behind the breastbone, it is better to consult a doctor, as is the case with acute pain.
Because the initial symptoms are so similar to heart attacks, you need to get medical help to be clear what’s causing the pain. Treatment of angina is relatively minimal and, depending on the state it is not always effective. If walking chest pain starts, it is better to stop and rest. In cases of stable angina this usually stops the pain. If the pain continues, it is sublingually (under the tongue) to take one tablet. If the condition called unstable angina, nitroglycerin tablets may not always work. After that, immediately consult a doctor.
Angina is a very serious condition because it affects the heart is the vital organ of our body. Proper exercise and a healthy diet is a good way to reduce the symptoms and prevent this disease. Previously, experts said that angina is being treated improperly and it can be dangerous to your health.