The government of the Russian Federation submitted on November 26 in the state Duma the bill № 519530-7 “On the state (municipal) social order for rendering of state (municipal) services in the social sphere”.
The document provides for the participation of consumers in the choice of contractor services. Thus, the provision of social services will implement the principle “money follow the consumer”. The bill is aimed at creating equal conditions for state and non-state organizations involved in the provision of public services in the social sphere, which will contribute to the elimination of existing inequalities in the financing of such activities.
“The implementation of the bills will for the first time to form and make public data on the total volume of social services, provision of which the state guarantees in the relevant fiscal year. It is necessary to citizens – the consumers of such services and the non-governmental sector in the social sphere”, – consider in the government.
The bill takes into account the established practice of involvement of non-governmental organizations to provide public services in the social sphere, involves the use of tools adapted to local conditions, use of market-oriented, competitive ways to identify the performer of public services in the social sphere.
“The bill is a framework, it does not impute the responsibility of a public-law entity to use competitive methods of selection of executors of services, but only creates a legal framework, which will be held this selection, if the public entity decides. If the public entity evaluates the existing system of public services as adequate and effective, it may remain within the framework of existing instruments of the organization and financing of public services, that is, for example, to use only state or municipal task and subordinate institutions.
Competitions only for NGOs, as is done in the present moment, limits their participation in providing public services. At the same time it reduces the incentive for public institutions to fight for consumers and to improve the quality of services provided,” said Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev on July 19, presenting the bill at a government meeting.