Our experts: the doctor-cosmetician-dermatologist Alexander Brindle; dermatologist-oncologist Olga Mashkov.
The deposition of pigment in the skin does not always occur evenly. Where the melanin activity increased, and there are ugly spots. The most vulnerable places – the face, chest, shoulders, neck, arms. Hot summers, especially in the southern resort of these areas should be given special attention.
The beach is not for everyone
The main cause of hyperpigmentation is the excess tan in the most dangerous time (from 11.00 to 16.00). But spots appear even in those who avoid the beaches and out on the street without causing a sunscreen with a high protection level. The fact that the tendency to hyperpigmentation improve:
puberty and adulthood (as teenagers, and Mature people dramatically hormonal changes);
diseases of the liver and kidneys, thyroid gland and biliary tract diseases and gynecological diseases (e.g. ovarian dysfunction);
long-term use of certain drugs (primarily hormonal);
poisoning and reduced immunity (so after intoxications and diseases should not actively sunbathing);
improper care of the skin (e.g., acne squeezing, burning pimples with alcohol, the use of aggressive scrubs and peelings, the misuse of essential oils), and conducting laser and fotoprocedur, after which unacceptable exposure to sunlight on the skin;
improper nutrition and lack of amino acids and of antioxidant vitamins A, C, E and minerals.
Wait until the autumn
There are lots of professional ways of dealing with an already existing pigment spots. Of course, their efficiency is much higher than that of national resources. However, the majority of them it is better to postpone until the autumn. For example, these include laser and photosdate, and conducting chemical peels. Subjected to such exposure the skin is very vulnerable to ultraviolet radiation.
When exposed to chemical peeling is the peeling of the top layer of the epidermis. However, then the skin is in need of restoration and special care. However, peels are good because they not simply remove the existing spots but also prevent new. For sensitive skin can be peelings on the basis of the tretinoin, which has strong bleaching effect, and also glycolic acid.
Mesotherapy also helps to eliminate excessive skin pigmentation. In cocktails for injections may be present ascorbic acid, and phytic and pyruvic acids, which not only whiten the skin, but also strengthens its structure, aiding the development of collagen fibers. And injection techniques are perfectly combined with hardware procedures and in combination, help to normalize the production of pigment.
By the way
Start to fight with freckles and age spots before they occur. For this purpose, starting from February, you need hard to consume foods rich in ascorbic acid (or vitamin in synthetic form), and from late winter to put on any exposed skin with sunscreen, because ultraviolet rays break on the ground not only in the summer.
Do no harm!
Attempts to get rid of age spots using a special bleaching creams used without assigning a technician can cause skin burns and allergic reactions, as these creams can contain aggressive and even toxic substances (for example, one of them is a strong bleaching agent hydroquinone).
Also in no event it is impossible to resort to self-treatment of folk remedies – first, go see a dermatologist-oncologist. Attempts at self-medication of different cautery is almost always to lead to pronounced scarring. It is not excluded that among the innocent in your view the dark spots on the skin will be of substandard growth. It can only identify the expert. The greatest danger lies in wait for holders of a large number of moles.
Today in Oncology and dermatology use non-invasive diagnostic methods, which allow not only to study in detail the surface of the skin, but to visualize an intradermal changes in the lesions.
Any sun mark especially appeared after 30 years, are potentially dangerous. Under the influence of ultraviolet radiation, it can degenerate into melanoma. With early diagnosis the disease is curable, when detected in the later stages the chances of a successful outcome are significantly reduced. 2-3 times a year, moles and age spots should be inspected to monitor the emergence of new, and if in any doubt seek the advice of oncodermatology.