The price paid for civilization
The number of cases of oral cancer is increasing from year to year. Cancer is a kind of retribution of mankind for civilization: food chemical additives, harmful radiation from electrical appliances, automobile exhaust, and unfavorable environmental conditions – all this leads to increased morbidity. This is why technologies that help detect disease at an early stage, today is vital.
Early diagnose cancer of the mouth was possible only by visual inspection and by somatoscope when the doctor sees a suspicious area of the mucosa under high magnification. However, many dentists have problems diagnosing cancer and precancer of the oral mucosa. In addition, doctors are not always sufficient time for a thorough examination of the patient, because in most cases, dentists work with complicated diseases – neglected dental caries or pulpitis, not paying attention to the changes of the oral mucosa. Therefore, patients often come on reception to the oncologist at advanced stages of the disease. While cancer of the oral cavity in 70% of cases are preceded by premalignant disease that with early detection can be treated.
What is the color of health
Autofluorescence Method of somatoscope is a technology for early diagnostics of cancer and precancer of the oral mucosa, developed by Russian specialists at the General physics Institute. A. M. Prokhorov, Russian Academy of Sciences. The device is an led device with a specific wavelength of light. Normal mucous membrane of the mouth has a green glow. In the foci of precancer and cancer the intensity of fluorescence of the oral mucosa significantly reduced and abnormal areas are visualized as foci of inhomogeneous darkening (the dark spots). The advantage of this method is that it is able to detect not only cancer but also precancerous lesions. In these cases, the structure of the oral mucosa undergoes morphological and biochemical changes, thus changing the intensity of its glow. To find out what the problem arose in a particular patient, after oncoscience need to do Cytology suspicious area of the mucosa of the mouth and guide the patient to the oncologist.
The duration of screening – five minutes, the procedure is completely safe and painless for the patient, because the device acts only light and does not create harmful radiation. There is no preparation for the research required.
The size of The apparatus for autofluorescence of somatoscope can be compared to a regular flashlight. And its price is affordable for any clinic. The kit, which consists of camera, charger and goggles for doctor and patient is 7-10 times cheaper than foreign analogues. In clinics that have already purchased this unit, the survey is available on the OMS.
Unfortunately, to suspect cancer of the oral mucosa is quite difficult in the early stages the tumor is not painful and discomfort. Therefore, the best way to prevent the development of dangerous diseases is to observe preventive measures.
Every six months visit your dentist even if you have no troubles. Nasyrovna the mouth and the presence of plaque can create a favorable environment for the development of inflammation of the mucous membrane of the mouth.
Partial or complete loss of teeth in a timely manner to make the prosthesis, as in the absence of teeth, oral mucosa is easily injured.
Do not smoke. Tar Nicotine contain carcinogens, so smokers constitute the main risk group for cancer of the oral mucosa. In addition, tobacco smoke often causes the development of leukoplakia – a disease characterized by increased keratinization of the oral mucosa, which becomes gray-white shade. Leukoplakia is treatable, but in its absence, can degenerate into a malignant tumor.
Not to get too attached to hot and spicy food. Any damage of the mucosa, especially if they are chronic, can give impetus to the development of the cancer process.