What is a heel spur?
Heel spurs or, in medical terms, plantar fasciitis is an inflammation of the powerful connection plate, which is stretched across the sole on top of the muscle and is attached to four branches to the metatarsal bones of the toes. This disease causes the patient daily discomfort and significantly impairs quality of life, and develop a heel spur can how do elderly and young people. The risk groups are men, the legs of which are subject to constant excessive load.
In the human body all bony prominences, ridges, crests grow in the direction of stimulation, i.e. in that place where there is muscular tension. Of roughnesses and bumpy on the bones correspond to the areas of attachment and pull of muscles.
Are no exception and heel spurs. Plantar fascia is taut and holds the longitudinal arch of the foot, adjusting the load on the foot during walking. The arch of the foot is held thanks to the plantar aponeurosis: a dense tendon which stretch from the calcaneus to the heads of the metatarsal bones. Due to improper load on the foot the fascia begins to pull the bone in the place of its attachment.
Then at this point begin to form bony growths (spurs), which can severely disturb the patient. Their size can be different, on average from 3 to 12 mm. Under the wrong load, I mean the uneven distribution of weight and strain of the muscles of the foot. This is related to previous scoliosis, injuries of the coccyx.
The most common provoking factors for the occurrence of plantar fasciitis include: obesity, flat feet, uncomfortable and mismatched shoes or a constant walking in high heels.
The symptoms of heel spurs
The main symptom is a sharp pain that makes itself felt in the beginning of the movement: after a night’s sleep or rest. When the pain appears for the first time, the bone growth may not be. The pain occurs because of inflammation in the surrounding soft tissues. It is a vivid reaction of the organism, with which he signals the imbalance in the body. Most often the pain is localized on the plantar surface of the foot. At least — at the back surface of the bone, the pain can radiate into the toes and the muscles of the legs. Therefore, at the initial stage of the disease patients often blamed these symptoms on tired feet.
However, over time the pain increases under load, it becomes more obvious after a long vacation. There is a feeling that the heel hit something sharp. People with chronic form of the disease with the formation of bone spurs, can’t step on the heel and trying to walk so that the load is shifted to the front or outer part of the foot.
Treatment of heel spurs
Plantar fasciitis is treated in various ways, but not all of them eventually lead to recovery. For example, bony growths break shock wave therapy, but this is an untenable approach, because it can cause exacerbation of pain. Surgery too is not a guarantee of getting rid of spurs, because it can lead to difficulty walking and increased pain.
Optimal use of more rational and effective methods of heel spur treatment, primarily by eliminating not the spur itself, but the cause of its occurrence. It is necessary to ensure that the load on the fascia was uniformly distributed. Osteopathic treatment in this case effectively: specialist builds correctly the body, and, as practice shows, in these conditions, the pain go away and bone spurs can gradually dissolve.
It is also important to remember to correctly chosen shoes. It should be comfortable, soft, breathable made of natural materials. For everyday wear suitable models on a low heel. But shoes with high heels is better to postpone the release of: walking on asphalt and rough “concrete jungle” it is not necessary.
Another effective method of treatment and prevention of heel spurs — a therapeutic exercises aimed at stretching the calf muscles and plantar fascia. With regular exercises you can reduce pain and help to recover damaged fascia.
Exercising with a heel spur
This complex must be done every day, gradually increasing the duration of exercises:
- Lean hands on the wall. Take one leg back and press your heel to the floor. Bending the front leg, lean forward at the same time. You need to stretch the calf muscle, set aside the legs. When you execute feel like it is stretched. Switch legs.
- Stand on the step so your heels hang down. Slowly relax your calf muscles feeling like they are stretched. Carry the weight from foot to foot.
- Roll foot rolling pin or glass bottle. This exercise is particularly good in relieving pain.
- Scatter crayons on the floor. Combine them with the use of my legs. Exercise strengthens the ligaments of the foot and makes them more elastic and flexible.
- Sitting on a chair, place your right foot on the left knee. Hand pull the fingers of the right foot itself. Hold this position for 1-2 minutes, then switch legs.